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you can see kirchhoff's current and voltege laws in below.

**KIRCHHOFF’S LAWS**

**First Law (KCL: Kirchhoff’s Current Law):-**

**“The sum of the currents entering a junction is equal to the sum of the currents leaving the junction.”**

i.e.,

**sum of currents entering = sum of currents leaving**
i1 -i2 +i3 -i4 -i5 =0

i1+i3 = i2+i4+i5

**Second Law (KVL: Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law):-**

“The sum of
e.m.f. (rise of potential) around any closed loop of a circuit equals the sum
of the potential drops in that loop”.

i.e.,

**sum of e.m.f – sum of IR drops =0****sum of e.m.f. =sum of IR drops**

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